Jupiter Oxygen is a recognized leader in the development, application and use of oxy-combustion. Jupiter Oxygen's expertise lies in its continued reserch, development and everyday use of oxy-combustion. Experimenting and developing the patented oxy-combustion process began i the mid 1990's as a way to cut fuel costs and lower emissions at Jupiter Aluminum, an aluminum recycling and manufacturing business. Jupiter Oxygen's patented technology has been in use at the aluminum plant since 1997, and is now emerging as the most promising environmental control technology for use in both cool and gas-fired electrical generating facilities worldwide.
In 1997, Jupiter's technology moved from invention to daily use in large industrial melting furnaces. Since 2001, Jupiter has taken its technology from industrial furnaces to fossil fuel steam boilers and electric power plant test applications. In 2002, the company tested its oxy-fuel technology in a steam boiler using oxygen instead of air, and firing with both natural gas and coal. These successful trials were followed by additional testing in 2004 proved that it is both practical and cost effective to capture CO₂. The tests were done in cooperation with the US Department of Energy(DOE) and it's National Energy Technology Laboratory(NETL). In 2004, Jupiter Oxygen's technology was also certified by Canada's Environmental Technology Verification Program.
Throughout its history, Jupiter Oxygen's development goal for its patented oxy-fuel technology that has reduced NOx emissions, prove that CO₂ can be effectively and economically captured and improve boiler energy efficiency in order to save fuel. The 2004 tests were coordinated with the US Department of Energy and showed that a clean coal technology based on Jupiter's patented high flame temperature oxy-fuel combustion process, combined with the NETL's Integrated Pollutant Removal system, is the path to a cost effective clean coal future for both retrofits and new electric power plants.
From 2006 until 2012, Jupiter Oxygen has operated a 15 MWthermal oxy-combustion test facility in Hammond, Indiana (Jupiter Oxygenss 3rd generation oxy-fuel development unit). The unit and testing has been supported through federal funding and was conducted with the DOEss National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL).Parametric studies performed at the facility demonstrated the feasibility of Jupiter Oxygen's high flame temperature oxy-combustion technology for boiler firing and generated technical data necessary for scale-up and optimization. In addition, the test facility provided a platform for high flame temperature burner development.
The Hammond Test Facility produced a series of significant accomplishments. Based on the outcome of tests and developments at the Hammond Test Facility, the DOE has deemed Jupiter Oxygen's high flame temperature oxy-combustion and carbon capture technologies ready for a commercial scale demonstration. Empirical test results and modeling srudies show CO₂ recovery of 100% can be achieved with a net energy penalty of approximately 20% for oxygen generation and CO₂ capture if there is an external source of electricity to power the capture system during boiler start-up and shutdown. Without te capture system fully operating during boiler start-up and shut-down, the overall CO₂ capture rate falls to 95%.
Jupiter Oxygen Corporation toegether with the NETL operated the Hammond Test Facility between 2006 and 2012 with both internal and Department of Energy sponsorship. Through careful experimental work performed at the facility, the performance and practicality of the JOC high flame temperature process combined with CO₂ capture was demonstrated. In 2011, Jupiter Oxygen was granted a patent on the jointly developed carbon capture technology. In September 2012, NETL of the Department of Energy granted Jupiter Oxygen a technology readiness readiness level No. 6 (TRL-6), signifying the technology is ready for full commercial scale demonstration.